5 Best Practices for Efficient Vacuum Excavation
In the process of digging, there are a lot of techniques in use today. Though most of the methods used today are modern, others are traditional. The process of digging has improved in ease of digging, speed and safety due to the fact that drilling companies are using these new methods. Vacuum excavation is an appropriate example which uses water or air in the digging process. By noting the following practices, you are assured of an efficient excavation.
Some soils are usually hard-packed and heavy, and in such cases, air cannot be used efficiently in vacuuming. In such scenarios, water can be used in vacuuming in a process called hydro excavation. There are areas where the dig site might have loose soil, with a lot of sand and gravel, and in such places, dry or air excavation would be a wise choice. Safety wise, dry excavation is the better alternative because it will not damage older pipes and brittle electricity wires because it has no water pressure like in hydro excavation.
In the excavation process, the sizes of the vacuuming pumps to be used to store air or water should be noted in relation to the size of the trucks to be used. If the required vacuum power is to be sufficient enough, then the size of the air or water tank must match the size of the pump used. This means that if a lot of vacuum power is needed, then both the tank for holding air or water and the pump should be equally large. Where there is going to be excavation using both wet and dry methods of excavation, then you are going to need above average tanks.
Vacuuming, either wet or dry, is considered safer than older digging methods, but still, safety measures must be adhered to. Proper training on how to handle and operate machines safely should be introduced. Special training for the people going to operate the machines should first take place before they start. Therefore, the people going to use them must be taught how to operate them. Workers should be knowledgeable on how to avoid damaging underground utility pipes and power lines. Proper gear and clothing is a necessity for workers. These include hand gloves and dielectric boots.
Digging by using the vacuuming technique is a precise process. Unfortunately, sometimes thing can go wrong during the exercise. This can be caused by mistakenly digging in the wrong site due to wrong identification process or human error. Mistakes of this kind may lead to explosions from gas leaks and electrocutions. For this reason, it is vital to contact the relevant authorities and confirm that the intended digging site is the right one, and get the necessary maps.
The vacuum trucks and the pumps used by the drilling company must be maintained well. This will ensure that the machines will perform at expected standards. Though wear and tear is unavoidable in this situation, machines should often be monitored to be on the safe side. Lubrication of the machines used, especially the moving parts should be regularly done. Parts like nozzles and hoses need regular examination. These practices will ensure efficient vacuum excavation.